Oak Aphid and Powdery Mildew

About Oak Aphid & Powdery Mildew

Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_1Oak Aphid Myzocallis Castanicola, is an insect pest that causes significant problems for both European and North American oak species. Other trees in the Fagaceae family such as European Beech are prone to infestation, Fernleaf and Copper Beech cultivars are very susceptible, Chestnuts are also affected as well. Oak aphids are small yellow elliptical insects that congregate on the leaf underside, they are also found on soft stems and young tip growth. Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_2The typical indicators to watch out for are increased European wasp and ant activity; both insects are attracted to the sugary secretion known as “Honeydew”. Another associated but secondary symptom is “Sooty Mould,” a fungus which grows on the Honeydew secretions produced by this insect. If left untreated trees will defoliate by late summer, feeding aphids cause significant damage to young leaves by piecing the leaf cuticle which contorts disfiguring the growth pattern. Another associated but secondary symptom is “Sooty Mould,” a fungus which grows on the Honeydew secretions produced by this insect. Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_3Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_4 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_5Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_6 The excessive Honeydew excreted creates a sticky mess beneath the tree; encouraging European wasps, ants and creating potential human hazards. Care should be taken with cars and other objects of value as the excretions and sooty mould are detrimental to painted surfaces. Sooty mould is a secondary fungal problem and the indirect result of honeydew secretions; it can also be unsightly and damaging to surrounding objects such as vehicles.

Other Pests

Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_8 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_9 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_18 Other invertebrate pests that are of concern are leaf miners, mites and thrips and in some circumstances all of these pests can affect a tree at the same time. Our treatments use the newer highly systemic insecticides that target the insect orders Hemiptera, Lepidoptera, Thysanoptera and non insects such as Acaria. Applications of the Neonicotinyl insecticide imidacloprid i.e. SilvaShield® or Confidor® will not control Lepidopteran insects such as Leaf Miners.

 

Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_7 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_22 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_10Older or first generation neonicotnyls such as imidacloprid increase mite fecundity and induce Mite Flare. We have phased this chemistry out as a treatment option in preference to newer compounds that have a wider spectrum of activity. Image on left demonstrates the results of a street tree trial using SilvaShield® (imidacloprid) at high end elm leaf beetle rates. Treatment had no effect

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on Oak Leaf miner but was effective on Oak Aphid.

Powdery Mildew Microsphaera Alphitoides

Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_16 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_17 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_11 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_12 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_13 The initial symptoms

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of this fungal disorder appear in late spring as small brown spots which will later turn white; these smudgy white mycelial lesions are visible on the upper leaf surface. The ensuing damage can be quite significant; new leaves and shoots are disfigured resulting in partial defoliation, reduced growth, vigour and tree decline.

All methods of application are effective

Canopy spraying or air blasting is a good option for seasonal control; it is less damaging to the environment compared to soil injection, as very low levels of chemical penetrate into the soil profile. Direct tree injection is the preferred method, this uses the trees vascular system to evenly translocate chemistries to the leaf mass, treatments are effective and guaranteed for two or more years. Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_14 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_15 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_20 Oak-Aphid-&-Powdery-Mildew_21

Avoid major damage and serious overall decline in your oak trees – talk to Elmsavers about the best treatment at the right time for your trees.


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FACTSHEETS

Read and download our factsheets on pests, diseases and treatment methods

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